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Saturday, September 24, 2016
In the event that you are a young person who wasn't alert enough to be watching television or reading newspapers during the Clinton presidency, there is some factual data of which you should be aware. Please see this video:
Most people who have an interest in survival and emergency nursing believe that maggot infestation of wounds is a problem only in the Third World. Most correctly, maggot infestation of wounds can occur absolutely anywhere in the world. There are a wide variety of flies including Old World and New World screw worms which can cause a fatal infestation in animals and also in people. A soldier, a homeless person, a traveling migrant, or anyone else who frequents the out of doors or a tent living situation, can develop a wound and have flies lay larva in it. The larvae then hatch and the insects feed on moist necrotic tissue.
The first time I ever saw this was the time I rescued a turtle with an compression fracture of its shell. Flies had laid larva in the compression fracture area before I had encountered it. Once the infestation was established, not even the vet could not save the poor creature. On a farm we see this occasionally with elderly dying animals. especially those who are no longer able to swat flies or in those who are in in multi-system failure. Even though curing the issue might not save them in the long term, it will promote their comfort. Make no mistake, some animals and some humans can die from such infestations, even when whomever is treating them finally gets a handle on the primary cause for their health problem.Infection with fly larvae can be an important cause of mortality for some.
Occasionally, nursing homes are fined when maggots are detected in bedsores. This is the reason that restaurants as well as nursing homes often use a blue wall device which electrocutes flies.
There are some harrowing accounts of soldiers from the first world war who were caught in no man's land for several days with open fractures. By the time the men were retrieved, their wounds were filled with maggots. Such men had a 75% chance of mortality when discovered in this manner. The Civil War also had its share of deaths from this issue.
In later years physicians used sterile maggots bred in labs to clean wounds with large amounts of necrotic tissue, however these are specially bred and fairly innocuous types and the entire process is watched very carefully.
Myiasis is the medical term for such infestations. It is pronounced as if written my-eye-a-sis.
There are a variety of different classes of infections of this type:
1. The first one is a nosocomial myiasis. Nosocomial always means hospital acquired or acquired during the course of receiving medical care. (An example of this would be the bedsore with nyiasis encountered by the nursing home patient as I mentioned earlier.) Hospitals take great steps to avoid flies for this reason.
2. A cutaneous myiasis is also possible. This is an infection of this kind within the skin. This is far more common in tropical regions, but it can occur almost anywhere in the world.
3. Infections of the eye, or Opthalmomyiasis can also occur.
4. Such infections may also occur in other body orifices, such as nose, ears and occasionally mouths. The urinary tract and the intestine may also be infected, particularly when someone ingested larva in food or drink.
5. In animals, injections of Ivermectin and Dectomax can be used to kill the invading agent. Although this is done in animals often, Ivermectin can cause liver enzyme increases and is rarely used in human beings, although it is known to work, particularly in Africa where it has often been used in those with helminthic eye infections. In human beings, a 1% topical solution may be used, particularly when the wound is near the eye. Stromectol is one of the brand names of this drug when used in human beings.
6. Improved personal hygiene and better handling of trash can also improve the likelihood of not contracting such an infection.
7. Occasionally antibiotics of certain types may help with secondary bacterial infection, but will not help against the invasion of these larvae.
8. It is possible simply to cover the wound with generous amounts of vaseline, choking off the larvae. They will slough off when dead by themselves in about 5-8 weeks. Rarely, a physician will surgically remove them, but this is often not the best course, and leaving them to slough off may be the safest course after thick vaseline application. Theoretically, vegetable oil or thick mayonnaise could be used, although I would be concerned that food substances may attract other flies.
How such an infection progresses depends largely upon the species of fly and worm that invades the wound. There are some as mentioned in the cutaneous version above that afflict intact skin.
Infections of all these types may lead to septicemia and to death.
Of course, the most prudent course with regard to Myiasis is PREVENTION.
When someone in your party is injured, wounds should be bandaged when possible. They should stay indoors until the wound has almost healed. Badly injured people in wilderness situations should be in the most solid and clean structure you have, away from food which might attract flies. Building this patient a "net bubble" as is often done with children sleeping in parts of Africa in order to avoid malaria, may also be beneficial.
In the cutaneous versions of this disease, the insect often creates an air hole for itself. You may be able to get the insect to come to the surface for removal by covering the open hole with a thick glob of vaseline, cutting off its air.
I am well aware that this is a difficult topic for many to read about and that the mental images of such are particularly unpleasant. However, during a migration, a protracted disaster with or without injuries, this can be an issue. Proper management can make a difference in the survival of the infected.
The pictures of such were so disturbing that I chose not to include them so that our readers were more likely to read and learn from this article. They certainly can be googled.
In view of this, please purchase extra vaseline, extra gauze for application to wounds and extra amounts of clean roller gauze in order to secure the gauze to such wounds. Consider buying mosquito netting for your emergency medical kits. A bug zapper might be a good idea also.
Wednesday, September 21, 2016
The following is the exclusive work product of Emergency Essentials and can be found on their blog at:
It is so important that I have reprinted it here with credit to them.
Please also check out the Emergency Essential blog while you are there.
Hanjin Shipping Declares Bankruptcy: Stranded Cargo Prompts Financial Preparedness
This entry was posted on September 19, 2016 by Emergency Essentials.
On August 31, Hanjin Shipping declared bankruptcy. The South Korean company’s declaration left $14 billion worth of cargo and more than half a million containers stranded offshore, as ports fearful of going unpaid refused to allow the company’s ships to dock or unload.
So why should we care?
First, Hanjin Shipping transports 8 percent of manufactured goods that enter into the United States. Look around. Imagine if one item of every 12 you see suddenly became unavailable. It adds up fast, doesn’t it? Companies like Wal-Mart and Target are twiddling their thumbs while they wait for Hanjin to work out how it’s going to pay to get everything unloaded. Even if they don’t have anything on the ships in limbo, they still have to try to find other ways to ship their goods. Samsung, for example, is considering sending smartphones and devices in cargo planes to accommodate its U.S. market. That’s going to cost extra.
And this time of year, as retailers order more goods for holidays, there’s not a lot of extra shipping space to go around. Already, freight prices for Asia-U.S. cargo have jumped 40 percent, according to The Wall Street Journal. Honestly, what are the odds retailers won’t pass any of these costs on to consumers?
Second, for the moment, fewer manufactured goods are reaching the U.S. Though no one is predicting shortages, and every financial planner predicts the bankruptcy mess will be sorted out by the end of the year, it means supply could be temporarily reduced, again driving up prices right around the holidays.
“This is not impacting store shelves now,” Nate Herman, a senior vice president for the American Apparel & Footwear Association, told The Wall Street Journal. “It will impact store shelves if the situation isn’t resolved.”
The world is a global marketplace. A bankruptcy in Asia can cause the cost of goods to increase in Indianapolis. A leaking oil pipe in Alabama can cause fuel shortages and governors to declare states of emergency in six states.
“The key to keep in mind is that anything can happen,” said Kaylee Chen, a peer mentor at the University of Utah Personal Money Management Center, in an e-mail. Add, “anywhere.”
“Therefore, always prepare for any possible emergency,” she said.
Start by building long-term food storage. And don’t be afraid to use it when you need it.
Early in 2015, avian influenza affected more than 35 million egg-laying hens, or 12 percent of the domestic population, according to a June 22, 2015 blog from the American Egg Board.
The USDA’s Egg Market News Report said for the week of June 22, 2015 a dozen large eggs sold for a $2.35 national average. The average price over the previous three years, for the same week, was about 95 cents.
If you have powdered eggs when eggs prices are sky high, you can use them instead. This 2010 article in the Deseret News, a Utah newspaper, tells how to use powdered eggs in everyday cooking.
Second, have an emergency savings.
Kayleen Chen, a peer mentor at the University of Utah’s Personal Money Management Center, suggested the 50/30/20 rule. Fifty percent of a paycheck should go toward fixed expenses, like house payments and utilities. Discretionary expenses that can be adjusted, like grocery bills and fuel, should take up about 30 percent. Twenty percent should go toward short-term savings, an emergency fund and retirement.
The short-term savings fund is for future expenses like holidays or a down payment. An emergency fund helps when things come up like car repairs or doctor bills, to avoid paying for them with high-interest debt like credit cards or short-term loans.
Women should put 12 percent of their salary toward retirement; men 10 percent, Chen said.
“The reality is that women live longer and make less income than men,” she said.
Third, get out of debt. Interest never stops, even when you’re struggling.
Consider learning additional skills that can translate into side jobs for additional income or to help get out of debt. Chen used the example of a piano teacher. She also encouraged a budget or lifestyle change. Peter Dunn, a financial columnist for USA Today, suggested decreasing spending by 10 to 15 percent over time.
Personal finance collapses like job loss, divorce, medical emergencies and retirement are far more common than a major shipping company’s collapse. Creating a long-term food storage, getting out of debt and saving can reduce their impact.
Thursday, August 25, 2016
|Photos: Associated Press|
Yesterday, a devastating 6.2 earthquake occurred in Central Italy causing the deaths of at least 300 people. Shops, churches and medieval structures were flattened. A series of aftershocks also occurred in Umbria, LeMarche, and Lazio. The village of Amatrice has been flattened and completely destroyed. There has been a high level of aftershocks, and with electricity out, it has been difficult to contact emergency responders. Accumoli, and Pescara del Tronto are also all but destroyed. Forty three hundred people are searching for survivors underneath collapsed buildings.
|Rendering: US Plate Geological Survey/NY Times This is the location of the quake with damage.|
I will update this post as more information is available.
Sunday, August 14, 2016
|(Picture from: www.grit.com )|
I used to buy a commercial apple flavored electrolyte powder which could be added to water for horses. I usually used a gallon sized orange or lemon gatorade for alpacas, dogs or even ailing poultry. I have been very lucky with my interventions with animals and many of my animals, whatever the species, live far beyond their normal life expectancies. Lately though I have been doing some research. The commercial apple flavored electrolyte mix for horses has gone up to fifty dollars for a large container. It is sold out in my area, and the livestock supply house where I buy the heavy bucket size says they may not be buying it again. In addition, I have read that horse electrolytes may not been formulated in the manner that is best for alpacas. Even though they are mammals, other species do not need electrolytes balanced exactly as humans do. Also, giving sugar to other animal species (other than hummingbirds, of course) without a specific veterinary direction to do so can be risky. We also need to establish for each species when the use of a rehydration solution or electrolytes is indicated. Although some farmers leave an electrolyte water solution out for horses or alpacas all the time, many vets think that this may be a bad practice. It may cause tooth decay. It may allow bacterial growth in sugared water that is sitting all day, and it may attract flies, even the more dangerous borer variety. So we should define the conditions for each species under which we would use such things. Since we are planning in advance for such emergencies, you have time to consult your equine vet or your farm vet either during a routine visit you have already scheduled, or by talking to them online.
Rather than spending fifty dollars for a large container of apple horse electrolyte, you could gather the ingredients for your own. Place the boxed ingredients and a copy of the recipe in a large transparent freezer style bag and then mark it for the animal species for which it is intended. Since I have alpacas, horses, dogs, guinea fowl, chickens, ducks, cats, and sheep, some could be used interchangeably but many formulations should not.
Then, after you have created a species specific rehydration kit, place it in a location where you can gather it at a moment's notice.
Some electrolytes are best delivered to the animal in water, where others might get more of it when given as a top dress to their dry food, with water given nearby.
Since this was one of my tasks this week, I established an electrolyte and rehydration kit for each species here, and then I placed it in a durable large plastic bag. Then I marked each bag with the species for which it is intended to be used. Then I placed each prepared bag in a rectangular plastic bin with a lid which came from Wal-Mart. Then I placed a piece of masking tape on the lid and the side of the box and marked it "Varietal species rehydration kits" When kept in a cool dry place with the component parts in original packaging, they should last for a considerable period of time, perhaps many years.
The benefits are as follows:
1. By creating rehydration packages for each species and placing them in a large freezer bag, you are saving a great deal of money over purchasing the prepared varieties.
2. You will know how to make such solutions for each animal species you have and be enabled to hydrate your animals in a more customized fashion.
3. You will reexamine your own practices of hydration and have a better plan for hydration when indicated, not simply when it's hot.
4. On finding an animal with heat stress or another issue during hot weather, by having these packs pre-gathered, you are not only saving the time by not needing to run out and gather these things under what could be worse conditions than now, but you are going to be able to provide appropriate rehydration much more quickly than if your animal had to wait for you to return from a quick emergency trip. You will have the species specific recipe and the materials right in the plastic package.
5. Remember that very hot conditions may trigger the need for rehydration solutions, but that diarrhea necessitates at least a phone call to a veterinarian. Diarrhea is not normal and although it can indicate a simple change in diet, it can also indicate gastrointestinal worms, or a serious infectious disorder of some kind, which could require additional intervention often in terms of a drug, in addition to rehydration.
|This is the unsweetened flavoring. It doesn't take much of this to flavor for horses or alpacas. Sometimes, plain lemon juice works best. This is great to have as a backup in your rehydration kit to add to one of the recipes here.|
Animals who are too hot, too cold, under stress, or found in Winter with frozen water should receive assistance with rehydration. Animals with diarrhea need to be provided with rehydration solution as well as plain water immediately, and then you need to call your vet.
Some people believe that their horse automatically requires electrolytes in hot weather. Vets say this is not always true. A horse should always have access to a clean bucket of plain water, and should have access to salt. For many horses, this may be all you need to do. Generally having a lot of plain salt blocks available and having them in a protected plastic bag is a good plan. I try to stock up when they are on sale.
For a horse with diarrhea,exhaustion or excessive perspiration, they lose salt and water. Again, find out what your equine vet's objectives are if this happens.
This is one home recipe for equine replacement of electrolytes:
HORSE RECIPE #1
This particular one is sugar free and ideal for a horse with insulin resistance
26 ounces of NON-iodized salt
22 ounces of Lite Salt (potassium)
2 Tablespoons of Epsom Salt
OPTIONAL: One half packet of unsugared unsweetened lemon Kool-aid
(Some horses benefit from the flavoring)
This can be used as either a top dress to feed or added to a separate bucket of water. If the horse is one of the few who do not like the taste, you may add lemon juice, 6 Tablespoons.
HORSE RECIPE #2
Some equine vets believe that in Summer, especially active horses may benefit from a bucket of plain water, and then this solution placed next to it. This is helpful for horses who aren't fans or frequent users of a salt block.
5 ounces of non-iodized salt added to
5 gallons of water
HORSE RECIPE #3
Mix equal amounts of non-iodized salt with
Morton's or similar Lite Salt (which is potassium chloride)
in five gallons of water.
( In this method, your horse should also eat because most horse feed contains adequate magnesium and calcium.)
Take a clean five gallon bucket.
Add equal amounts of non-iodized salt, Morton lite salt (potassium) and baking soda.
You may flavor with lemon juice.
Do not add sugar unless vet has ordered it for a specific reason.
This is a great hot weather supplement in addition to having a salt block and plain water available.
Some farms keep this available in Winter also, in a heated bucket.
Notes on alpaca hydration: Although many of us have gotten away with using four or five scoops of a lemon gatorade powder in a five gallon bucket for alpacas at risk, vets tell us that gatorade is low in electrolytes and high in sugar for alpacas, and so the recipe above is superior for them.
Resorb, can also be used in emergencies. Check with your vet and his/her objectives.
You may use the alpaca recipe above. Please read the links below on sheep dehydration also.
You may use Gatorade solution so long as you are also providing plain water. Resorb as reconstituted for humans will also work. The alpaca recipe would also be helpful. However, a goat who is dehydrated is very sick indeed and requires veterinary input in order to rectify the underlying cause of the dehydration whether it be infectious or otherwise.
Chickens, Ducks, Guineas, Doves, Pigeons,
These animals should generally have an abundant and clean supply of water, year round.
Last year, a Texas chicken farmer told me that when it becomes hotter than 100 degrees F, he slightly salts the chicken feed for his chickens once time each morning. I have been doing this here in Virginia, and I have not had any sudden hen deaths since.
If you find one of your birds injured, stressed or ill, they should still have abundant water and food, but they should also have available.
Bird Rehydrator Gather the materials and bag in advance, but mix only when needed
1. Place one gallon of water in a clean bucket
2. Add one tablespoon powdered sugar (or plain sugar if that's what you have)
3. Add one teaspoon non-iodized table salt.
4. Add one teaspoon baking soda
5. Add 1/2 tsp. Morton lite salt (which is potassium)
Most of the time no additional flavorings will be needed. Lemon juice, one tsp could be added.
Recommended United Kingdom Recipe for bird rehydration (Structured in measurements most familiar to them.)
7g sodium chloride
5g sodium bicarbonate
3g potassium chloride
2 litres water
It is not necessary and could be harmful to provide the electrolyte solution to birds who are well so save this recipe for the sick or stressed animals.
Rehydration Solution for Dogs:
A dog who is rescued and looks slightly dry and is hungry, can be given lots of plain water and food. Lemon gatorade can be offered in addition. A dog with a more complex issue will need veterinary attendance.
Rehydration Solution for Cats:
Cat Rehydration Recipe #1:
Plain lemon gatorade in addition to a separate dish of water nearby will work for most cats.
Cat Recipe #2
This recipe is designed for cats in kidney failure who are having trouble holding on to potassium.
HOME-MADE, ORGANIC ELECTROLYTE FORMULA
- 1/4 cup lukewarm water
(Use spring or filtered water to avoid chlorine and flouride.)
- 2 Tablespoons raw honey
(Raw honey has natural antibiotic properties.)
- 3/8 Teaspoon sea salt
(Table salt from the supermarket has sugar in it – [what, you haven’t read the label recently and noticed this?] – and is missing all the trace minerals available in a good quality sea salt.)
- 1/8 Teaspoon potassium salt (365 mg)
(Sometimes called “potassium chloride” and available in health food stores in powder form. I use the NOW brand Potassium Chloride Powder and that’s the basis for this measurement.)
- 1 Teaspoon fresh lemon juice
(For a bit of vitamin C and to cut the sweetness.)
- Enough water to make 2 full cups (16 ounces).
OTHER THINGS YOU WILL NEED
- A glass bottle that will hold 2 cups of electrolyte liquid for storage purposes.
- A 1-ounce brown dropper bottle for easy dispensing.
- An extra dropper for dosing your cat so the dropper in the bottle isn’t contaminated.
MAKING THE ELECTROLYTESOffer four times a day.
- Put the raw honey into the warm water and stir. I use a small wire whisk, but a fork will do as well. You want to break up the honey and spread it through the water.
- Add the sea salt, potassium salt, and lemon juice.
- Put the mixture into the glass bottle and add enough water to make 2 full cups.
- Shake well. This distributes the ingredients evenly throughout the liquid.
- Pour about an ounce of this into the dropper bottle.
- Refrigerate both bottles.
A sick cat should be seen by a veterinarian as quickly as possible.
This recipe was obtained at:
More detail from veterinarians in dehydration treatment and assessment:
Information on Lamb Dehydration from a Veterinarian
Information on Sheep Care:
Data on Pigeon Rescue:
DISCLAIMER: This post is designed to allow an owner or animal enthusiast hydrate an animal while the vet is either on his way or while you are making arrangements to have your animal seen by one. Dehydration is often a symptom of an infectious illness or a serious disorder. Unless you are absolutely certain as to a cause of dehydration do not simply treat for dehydration without getting a vet's input after initiating rehydration.
Saturday, July 23, 2016
|Tim Kaine, his wife Ann Holton (far left) with Queen Elizabeth shaking the hand of a Mattaponi chief. Photo was taken in 2007 when Kaine was governor of Virginia. (Photo: yahoo)|
Politics so often spills over, or at times, vomits up over our plans that impact preparedness. Some politicians have actually spurred families to prepare.
Please read my post on another of my blogs:
My Recollections of Tim Kaine
Saturday, July 16, 2016
I know that many of you are wondering why I have not covered the tragedy in France, yet I am discussing the happenings in Turkey. America is hearing plenty regarding the egregious attack on Nice which cost the lives of 84 people, 10 of them children, and injured 200. Many of these are still in critical condition. A lot of damage can be done with a nineteen ton refrigerator truck. Although my condolences go to France and the people of Nice, this is being covered by mainstream news. and the right information about Turkey may not be.
Turkey is a member of NATO, and its Incirlik airbase is an important strategic location for us for operations which take place in the Middle East, especially against ISIS. It is a key staging area for attacks against the "so called Islamic State". Instability in Turkey translates to fewer friends and less cooperation for us in the MIddle East. It also translates to more opportunities for ISIS.
The coup yesterday was serious because it shakes stability of the region. It's failure is also peculiar, despite the fact that Mr. Obama supports Erdogan.
Today, one day after the failed coup attempt, news reports are indicating that Turkey has closed air space over its Incirlik Air Base effectively grounding US planes. All US military personnel are confined to the base. Sadly, the stop in attacks against ISIS may allow the group to regroup.
Furthermore, according to the Military Times, all US dependents currently in Turkey have been ordered to leave. This will impact at least seven hundred spouses and children. I have also just heard that outside electricity to the Incirlik base has been cut.
Please pray for stability for the region and safety for those embroiled in it.
Update: As of late July 17th, American operations at the Incirlik Air Base have resumed.